What is the Purpose of Education?

The purpose of education is to give children the skills and knowledge they need to thrive in the world. But what exactly are these skills and knowledge?

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The purpose of education has been a hotly debated topic throughout the history of the United States. The current system in America is geared towards preparing students for workforce success, but some believe that this is not the sole purpose of education and that students should instead be taught how to think critically and view the world from multiple perspectives. There are many different opinions on what the purpose of education should be, but ultimately it is up to each individual to decide what they want to get out of their schooling.


The purpose of education is to provide individuals with the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in life. Education also helps prepare individuals for the workforce and instills in them the values needed to be productive citizens. There are many different ways to educate individuals, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Theoretical Purpose

Theoretical Purpose
Broadly speaking, the purpose of education can be divided into two categories: theoretical and practical. Theoretical purposes of education are those that relate to the acquisition of knowledge, including both cognitive and affective objectives. The cognitive domain deals with intellectual outcomes, such as the ability to think abstractly or to solve problems. The affective domain focuses on outcomes related to attitudes and values, such as developing a sense of responsibility or appreciation for diversity.

Practical purposes of education, on the other hand, relate to the development of skills and abilities that can be applied in the real world. These might include developing interpersonal skills, understanding how to manage money, or learning how to work effectively as part of a team. While there is some overlap between these two categories – for example, many job-related skills require both theoretical and practical knowledge – they represent different overall goals for education.

Practical Purpose

The dictionary defines education as “the act or process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or college.” Notice that education has both an individual and a social purpose. Society entrusts its young to educators so they will be able to take part in and contribute to the life of the community. Therefore, the social purpose of education is to prepare young people to be knowledgeable, responsible and productive citizens.

In addition to its social purpose, education also serves an individual purpose. It helps people learn about themselves and the world around them. It gives them the opportunity to develop their own talents and abilities and to grow emotionally, intellectually and physically. People who have a good education usually have better jobs and earn more money than those who do not. They are also more likely to be healthy and live longer than people with less education.


After taking everything into consideration, it is clear that the purpose of education is not, and should not be, limited to preparing students for a job or career. Instead, education should be seen as a tool that can be used to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to lead successful and fulfilling lives. With this in mind, it is up to educators to ensure that their students are receiving an education that will serve them well in all aspects of their lives.

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